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Theoretical Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry

Credits 4
Hours per week 2 / 1 / 0
Examination Ex
Study Language English
Level Master subject
Guarantor doc. Ing. Kamil Záruba, Ph.D.
Supplemental electronic materials available at UCT Prague's e-learning

Summary

Theoretical fundamentals of the use of chemical reactions for chemical analysis are extended especially with respect to existence of systematic bias of analytical results. First part is focused on proper expression of measurement results. Second part is devoted to chemical equilibria in analytical chemistry (protolytic, complexometric, precipitation and redox systems) that affect analyte behaviour in aueous environment. The last part deepens knowledge of optimalization and calibration aspects in analytical chemistry. In excersizes, the students sovle individually practical problems using simple algorithms.

Syllabus

1. Terminology of analytical chemistry and measurement, combined uncertainty
2. Thermodynamics of protolytic equilibria, pH calculation
3. titration curves, estimation of titration error of acidobasic titration
4. Calculation tools for solving of analytical chemistry problems - examples of solutions using EXCEL and MALPE software
5. Thermodynamic of precipitation equilibria
6. Precipitation equilibria, the common ion effect, DOPE
7. Thermodynamic of complex equilibria
8. COGS algorithm
9. Effect of complex equilibria on precipitation, DOPE
10. Thermodynamics of redox equilibria
11. Equilibria in binary systems, kinetic methods of analysis
12. Calibration in analytical chemistry
13. Nonlinear regression
14. Exam test

Literature

D: Ionic Equilibrium: Solubility and pH Calculations James N. Butler, Wiley, 1998, ISBN 0-471-58526-2

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