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Physics II

Credits 5
Hours per week 2 / 2 / 0
Examination C+Ex
Study Language English
Level Bachelor subject
Guarantor doc. Ing. Jaroslav Hofmann, CSc.
prof. RNDr. Marie Urbanová, CSc.

Summary

The subject Physics II builds on the subject Physics I and is dedicated to selected topics in electromagnetic field theory, quantum mechanics, solid state physics, nuclear physics and elementary particle physics. The content of the subject is adjusted to give the students the foundation required to proceed to following courses of the Bachelor study program.

Syllabus

1.Inertial and non-inertial frames of reference, relativistic dynamics, the principle of equivalence.
2.Electromagnetic field: Gauss´law, induced electric fields, induced magnetic fields,dielectrics, magnetic materials, Maxwell's equations.
3.Electromagnetic waves: Traveling, intenzity, energy transport, polarization, optical activity.
4.Photons and the wave nature of particles: Compton effect, particle-wave duality, de Broglie wavelength, the uncertainty principle.
5.Roots of the quantum theory: Schrödinger equation,interpretation of the wave function, probability density, operators.
6.Solution of the Schrödinger equation I: Particle in infinite potential well, energy level diagram.
7.Solutions of the Schrödinger equation II: Harmonic oscillator, tunneling.
8.The hydrogen atom I: Bohr theory,energy level diagram, series of spectral lines.
9.The hydrogen atom II: Quantum solution, hydrogen atom wave functions, energy eigenvalues,radial probality density, quantum numbers.
10.Atom in magnetic field: The Zeeman effect, electron spin, splitting of the spectral line.
11.Many - electron atoms: central field approximation, Pauli exclusion principle, electronic configuration, Hund's rules.
12.Fundamentals of solid state physics I: Band model, Fermi energy, intrinsic and doped semiconductor, PN transition.
13.Fundamentals of solid state physics II: Contact phenomenon, Seebeck effect, Peltier effect, piezoelectricity, photo diodes.
14.Fundamentals of nuclear physics: Properties of nuclei, radioactivity, nuclear reactions. Elementary particles: fermions and bosons, quarks and leptons, forces.

Literature

R: Halliday D., Resnick R., Walker J.: Fundamentals of Physics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. New York, 2005, ISBN 0-471-15663-9
A: Blatt F.J.: Modern Physics. McGraw-Hill, Inc. New York, 1992, ISBN 0-07-005877-6

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